He has been regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and as the first of the moderns.
The subversive and subjective element in his art, as well as his bold handling of paint, provided a model for the work of later generations of artists, notably Manet and Picasso.
Additionally, one can discern a thread of the macabre running through Goya's work, even in his earlier tapestry cartoons.
This is Plate 1 from the series of 80 etchings published in 1799 called Los Caprichos.
He later moved to Madrid where he studied with Anton Raphael Mengs, a painter who was popular with Spanish royalty.
He clashed with his master, and his examinations were unsatisfactory.
In these the artist used the popular imagery of caricature in a highly original and inventive form for his first essay in the criticism of political, social and religious abuses, for which he is famous.
His mastery of the recently developed technique of aquatint makes these etchings a major achievement in the history of engraving.
It is evening, the master of the household is playing cards, while his wife is having her hair done.
There, over the course of five years, he designed some 42 patterns, many of which were used to decorate (and insulate) the bare stone walls of El Escorial and the Palacio Real de El Pardo, the newly built residences of the Spanish monarchs.
This brought his artistic talents to the attention of the Spanish monarchs who later would give him access to the royal court.
Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes was an Aragonese Spanish painter and printmaker.
Goya was a court painter to the Spanish Crown and a chronicler of history.