59 Yet the progress made in getting people to test has been uneven.
In South Africa women are much more likely to test than men.
In South Africa more than 2 million children have been orphaned by HIV and AIDS.44 Orphans are particularly vulnerable to HIV because of economic and social insecurities; they are often at risk of being forced into sex, have sex in exchange for support, and typically become sexually active earlier than other children.45 The National Strategic Plan 2017-2022 aims to renew the focus on children, putting emphasis on eliminating new infections and building resilience in families.46 HIV prevalence among young women in South Africa is nearly four times greater than that of men their age.47.
Young women between the ages of 15 and 24 made up 37% of new infections in South Africa in 2016.48 To try and reduce this high rate of infection, young women and adolescent girls who are considered at high risk of HIV infection are now being offered pre-exposure prophylaxis (Pr EP).49 Poverty, the low status of women and gender-based violence (GBV) have all been cited as reasons for the disparity in HIV prevalence between genders.
Explore this page to find out more about groups most affected by HIV in South Africa, HIV testing and counselling programmes, HIV prevention programmes, antiretroviral treatment availability, civil society’s role, HIV and TB in South Africa, funding for HIV, and the way forward for South Africa.
South Africa has the biggest and most high profile HIV epidemic in the world, with an estimated 7.1 million people living with HIV in 2016.
As it stands, for every child initiated on to treatment, 1.4 are newly infected with HIV.43.
Children are also affected by HIV through the loss of family members.
Then the first one…let me out by the back gate without my property. HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (sometimes referred to as MSM) in South Africa is now estimated at 26.8%.In 2013, a study found that only 32% of South Africans said homosexuality should be accepted by society.24 A more recent study in 2016 found 55% of South Africans would accept a gay family member; 51% said gay people should have the same human rights as others; and two thirds supported keeping the constitutional protections against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.25 Nevertheless, the same study found that 72% of people said same-sex sexual activity was morally wrong.18% either had, or would consider, verbally abusing someone who is not gender conforming.26 In 2017 the South African government released a national LGBT HIV strategy for the first time, recognising that these groups have specific needs that have been overlooked in the past.In 2016, the South African government launched a progressive new National Sex Worker HIV Plan, outlining a new peer-led approach to providing HIV services that had been tailored to meet the specific needs of sex workers.17 However, educational organisations have reported difficulties in delivering HIV prevention services to sex workers due to ongoing police harassment.One study found that up to 70% of female sex workers had experienced abuse by the authorities.18 The police officer raped me, then the second one, after that the third one did it again.